Part 1-
For Writing Assignment #5 you will be taking the research you’ve done on Writing Assignment #4 (Work Cited Page) and writing an essay which has two parts.  BEFORE you read about these two parts, please read our textbook Chapter12.pdf.
1.  Discuss your chosen career in terms of at least THREE criteria that you have formulated to determine whether the career is the right choice.  Remember that the criteria you’ve  chosen may have been salary and/or benefits, location, environment, part time vs. full time, education requirements and/or ongoing professional requirements.   And of course, you could have created and choosen your own criteria.  Hopefully you have two sources (articles, journals, etc.) for each of your criterion that you’ve researched for Writing Assignment #4 – Work Cited Page for a total of six sources.   This portion of your essay should be about three pages in length.
2.  Argue whether or not, based on your research, this career is the right one for you. This portion of your essay should be approximately one to two pages in length.
In-text Parenthetical Citations:  You should have six direct quotes and/or paraphrases from your six sources (at least one from each source). Each of these direct quotes and/or paraphrases need to have an in-text parenthetical citation referencing the author’s last name and/or page number.
Length:  Total length of this Research Paper should be 4-5 pages.

Part 2-
Post the  introduction of your research paper in order to help your classmates compare and contrast their own introductory writing.  Your introduction should end with your thesis and be about one page in length.   Your thesis should list out the three criteria you will be focusing on.    Telling and illustrating a story focusing on why you’ve chosen this career may be the best strategy to write your introduction. 
Part 3-
Activity:  Adding In-Text Citations to Your Quotes from the Week 4 Activity

Step 1: Watch this video again to  refresh  your understanding of using in-text citations:
Link on how to use in-text citations(
and reread Quote Sandwich
Step 2:  Find the activity you completed from Week 4.  You should have a Word doc with at least six quotes you plan on using for your Research paper.
Step 3: Sandwich your six quotes and insert in-text citations for each.Source 1 Quote: Location (Laboratory)

“Laboratory courses are a natural place to build critical thinking skills because successful critical thinking instruction requires active engagement of students. Furthermore, research experience can promote better learning of course material improved data collection and analytical skills, enhanced scientific reasoning and teamwork abilities and a healthier understanding of the nature of science (Gasper 25).”

Source 2 Quote: Location (Laboratory)

“The goal of this course was to design a lab in which students developed individualized research, engaged in cooperative problem-solving, presented their findings in a meaningful manner, and gained experience in the mechanics of authentic research. An additional benefit of the lab was that it correlated lecture with lab, promoting student engagement in lecture and overall comprehension (Parks 1).”

Source 3 Quote: Benefits 

“Detailed knowledge of the production processes, microbiological and biochemical aspects of traditional African dairy fermentation is critical for the development of products with enhanced quality, safety and health benefits for a sustainable food security in the region (Agyei 1).”

Source 4 Quote: Benefits

“So far, the search for microbial life in extra-terrestrial locations have been less than successful. The first of such attempts, occurred through Viking program (NASA-1970s), in which two Mars landers were used to conduct experiments that searched for bio signatures of life on Mars. The landers utilized robotic arms to collect soil samples into sealed containers that were brought back to earth (Dey 5).”

Source 5 Quote: Education

“Another interesting community outreach SL program involved the creation of a Micro Safari in which community members were able to go to various exhibits and participate in hands-on activities (Webb 2).”

Source 6 Quote: Education

“Bacteria, the tiniest story ever told’ by Peruzzo and Rodriguez Juele (2018) is a beautifully illustrated comic book that communicates the complexity of the microbial world (Scavone 4).”Quote Sandwich

What’s a quote?
For our class, we’ll use the term ‘quote’ to reference when you mention a line or two from one of our articles. When we write about a text, it’s important to back up our opinions with examples. We copy 1-2 lines as ‘proof’ of our opinion, but when we copy them into our response/essay we must put quotation marks around the line borrowed; if we don’t, it’s considered plagiarism. We use quotation marks to shows our reader that these are not our lines, but the author’s.

However, quoting effectively is not as simple as just adding a quote into your sentence or paragraph. Instead, you need to integrate your quote. “Hit and run” quoting is when you randomly insert a quote and then suddenly move on to the topic. Using a “Quote Sandwich” (see back) will help you avoid this by quoting using a 3-step process 1. Introduce, 2. Quote, 3. Explain.

Before you do anything:

Find! Locate a quote that you want to use. Depending on what is being asked of you, this could be something that is surprising or interesting to you, a place that confused you, or it could a passage that shows something, like a characteristic of a character.

Step 1:

Introduce! Introduce the quote with signal phrases and reporting verbs. Signal phrases introduce the title and type of work (for example “In the article…” or” In her novel..”). Reporting verbs get paired with the author (Smith argues….She states). These phrases depend on the type of reading you are working with. If it is a novel, you wouldn’t say “In the article”, because it’s not an article. This can be a confusing distinction, so when in doubt “writes” or “states” is a good reporting verb, for example: “Staples says…” or “Bah writes…” Use the last name when referring to the author, and the first name when referring to the character if you’re writing about a novel.
Verbs should be in present tense.

Step 2:

Quote! Use quotation marks around the phrase or sentence you have quoted. Anything more than
two words
that you have copied from the original reading needs to be in quotation marks like: “ ”

Step 3:

Explain! Explain this quote, which will depend on what’s being asked of you. Why is it surprising? Why is it confusing? How does it show this characteristic? Even though it may be obvious what’s going on in the scene that you choose, you still want to explain it. Explain what the scene was, and then explain why it’s significant for your paper.


: Toby walked through the alley. He was scared, but knew his way. P. 76


: In
This Boy’s Life
, Toby seems confident. For example, he states, “I was scared, but I knew my way” (76). This shows that Toby is confident, and even mature, because he continues on his journey even though he is scared.

Notice that I have a signal phrase, a reporting verb, quotation marks, and the page number. I also have explanation.

Signal Phrases:
· According to
· In her article
· In the opinion of (author’s names)
· (Author’s nam12.1 Creating a Rough Draft for a Research Paper

Learning Objectives

1. Apply strategies for drafting an effective introduction and conclusion.

2. Identify when and how to summarize, paraphrase, and directly quote information from research

3. Apply guidelines for citing sources within the body of the paper and the bibliography.

4. Use primary and secondary research to support ideas.

5. Identify the purposes for which writers use each type of research.

At last, you are ready to begin writing the rough draft of your research paper. Putting your thinking and
research into words is exciting. It can also be challenging. In this section, you will learn strategies for
handling the more challenging aspects of writing a research paper, such as integrating material from
your sources, citing information correctly, and avoiding any misuse of your sources.

The Structure of a Research Paper

Research papers generally follow the same basic structure: an introduction that presents the
writer’s thesis, a body section that develops the thesis with supporting points and evidence, and a
conclusion that revisits the thesis and provides additional insights or suggestions for further research.

Your writing voice will come across most strongly in your introduction and conclusion, as you work
to attract your readers’ interest and establish your thesis. These sections usually do not cite sources
at length. They focus on the big picture, not specific details. In contrast, the body of your paper will
cite sources extensively. As you present your ideas, you will support your points with details from
your research.

Writing Your Introduction

There are several approaches to writing an introduction, each of which fulfills the same goals.
The introduction should get readers’ attention, provide background information, and present the
writer’s thesis. Many writers like to begin with one of the following catchy openers:

• A surprising fact


482 [Author removed at request of original publisher]

• A thought-provoking question

• An attention-getting quote

• A brief anecdote that illustrates a larger concept

• A connection between your topic and your readers’ experiences

The next few sentences place the opening in context by presenting background information. From
there, the writer builds toward a thesis, which is traditionally placed at the end of the introduction.
Think of your thesis as a signpost that lets readers know in what direction the paper is headed.

Jorge decided to begin his research paper by connecting his topic to readers’ daily experiences.
Read the first draft of his introduction. The thesis is underlined. Note how Jorge progresses from the
opening sentences to background information to his thesis.

Write the introductory paragraph of your research paper. Try using one of the techniques listed in this section
to write an engaging introduction. Be sure to include background information about the topic that le

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