· Write an essay (around five pages, typed and double-spaced) in which you travel from one era we have covered to another civilization and attempt to carry out an assassination of some key figure. Your essay should justify why your character would do this, based on primary sources, though you may also use class notes and  textbook/lit reading.  Again, this paper should be based on a primary source(s), so you should begin with a primary source and go from there. Your paper should therefore have citations (MLA) of your sources, from history or literature. Your character(s) must be pre-1400AD, and you may not travel to your own society, e.g., Nero murdering Julius Caesar (Jesus and Muhammad are sacrosanct, and therefore not allowed for this assignment).  You may use either first or third person, but first person might allow you to explore motivations more clearly.  You might choose to write a narrative, compose a letter, create a diary, or use some other appropriate form, but you should focus more on the “why” and less of the “how” of your assassination.  Thus, do not be distracted by creating a fabulous story or explaining in detail how the time machine is built.  Your paper should be grounded in the sources and the best papers will show the values that are in conflict. You may frame this in the five categories if you wish.The Mission:. (50 pts.) This assignment will count for both History and Literature.
 
· Write an essay (around five pages, typed and double-spaced) in which you travel from one era we have covered to another civilization and attempt to carry out an assassination of some key figure. Your essay should justify why your character would do this, based on primary sources, though you may also use class notes and textbook/lit reading. Again, this paper should be based on a primary source(s), so you should begin with a primary source and go from there. Your paper should therefore have citations (MLA) of your sources, from history or literature. Your character(s) must be pre-1400AD, and you may not travel to your own society, e.g., Nero murdering Julius Caesar (Jesus and Muhammad are sacrosanct, and therefore not allowed for this assignment).  You may use either first or third person, but first person might allow you to explore motivations more clearly.  You might choose to write a narrative, compose a letter, create a diary, or use some other appropriate form, but you should focus more on the “why” and less of the “how” of your assassination. Thus, do not be distracted by creating a fabulous story or explaining in detail how the time machine is built.  Your paper should be grounded in the sources and the best papers will show the values that are in conflict. You may frame this in the five categories if you wish.
 

Getting Started:

· You may choose to assassinate an identifiable historical figure or you may choose a “composite” or “representative figure.”  For example, you may decide that Socrates might travel to China to kill Confucius or that Mark Antony might travel to Sparta to kill Leonidas.  You could also, however, decide that a Spartan warrior might travel to India to kill a Brahmin or that one of Hammurabi’s soldiers would travel to kill a member of the assembly in Athens. Whatever your choice, you must provide clear reasoning and evidence to explain and justify the action.
 
Disclaimer: We are not, of course, advocating assassination as a viable option for settling conflicts.Drew 1

Dr. Patterson
Honors Block
December 10, 2018
The Myth of Heteira and Vatsyayana
     “Surely a symposium like this is what it means to be Athenian,” the young man sighed with contentment as he passed the kylix1 to the man besides him, “for what could lift the weight of grief off our hearts better than women and wine? How did your Pericles phrase it today, Aspasia? ‘The pleasures that…’”
“‘The delights which we daily feel in all these things helps to banish sorrow’(Thucydides),” Aspasia answered. Phyrne, the best student of Aspasia, strolled around the andron2.

“You speak as though his words were your own,” she said, glancing at her teacher. “I wonder, Aspasia, if our strategos composed his oration alone or with the aid of another?”
Aspasia had been the mistress of Pericles for a number of years, not simply for her looks but for her “rare political wisdom” (Plutarch, 24.3). But a comment like Phryne’s would win more enemies than friends.
“I agree with you,” Aspasia said, deftly ignoring Phryne’s remark, “that a symposium perfectly displays our way of life. But what single feature of the symposium would best describe Athens?”
“The kylix,” answered one man as he took a deep drink from the cup, “because ‘the fruits of the whole earth flow in upon us’ (Thucydides).”
“The strong men, because they are truly the ‘lovers of the beautiful’(Thucydides),” Phryne said, winking across the room at the man who just spoke.
“The *hiccup* couches *hiccup* because…” the drunk’s words trailed off into a symphony of snores as he buried his face into a cushion.
“All good answers,” Aspasia replied, “but I propose that hetairai such as Phryne and myself are the best example of Athenian values.”
“How so?” Phryne asked.
“Every core value of Athens can be found in the hetairai. They display moderation in the symposium by controlling the urges of men and in their own drinking, they exhibit the metis of Athena in their speech, and they are examples of arête in both body and mind. Not all societies respect women like us, who are as wise as they are beautiful.”
“If the hetairai uphold all the righteous virtues of Athens, what was society like before them? Do we need to follow the example of our friend Socrates and construct, in this case, an imperfect city to prove our point (Plato, 369a)?” Phyrne replied.
“There is no need.” Aspasia now addressed the entire symposium. “Have any of you heard of the Myth of Hetaira and Vatsyayana?” Silence filled the room. “Well then,” she took a deep breath and an even deeper drink of wine, “it goes like this:
After Hephaestus caught his wife Aphrodite and the god Ares in the act of infidelity (Homer, 8. 300-400), the gods decreed that Aphrodite must pay penance for her wrongdoing and provide an end to adultery. To do this, Aphrodite chose one of her children, Hetaira, and sent her to the East to kill a scholar by the name of Vatsyayana. Although he was wealthy and educated, all Vatsyayana ever thought about was seducing womenDecember 10, 2018
Time Traveling Assassin Essay

The Crash of Shiduri and Rama
Scene 1. [Shiduri’s Tavern.]

Shiduri. [Aside] In India, a mortal man, Rama, is spreading lies throughout the entire culture. His people believe that he is an reincarnation of the Supreme God and his purpose is to extinguish evil. But, as a Mesopotamian goddess myself, I know the gods would never defile their title by becoming human. The divine would not even act so kindly towards the matters of the human world. I can confidently say this because Marduk, the highest god, created mankind to do the laborious work of the deities. Men are expected to worship the gods who gave them life. Likewise, men are denied immortality because only gods deserve this privilege (“Enuma Elish: A Babylonian Creation Epic”). The deities actually treat these men with harshness and as temporarily tools used for their dirty work. Rama is leading India to believe the opposite of this blatant truth and, as a result, I must kill him before he does any more damage.

Enter Rama.

Shiduri. [Aside.] I have invited Rama to travel through time and enter my tavern. I plan to have a discussion with him over drinks, beer in his case and nothing in mine. He will believe I am interested in learning about his life, but I will actually be using the alcohol to alter his mind and trick him into taking his life. Although this trick may seem harsh, it is the way of the gods.

Rama. Greetings, Shiduri. May I ask why you have invited me to your tavern on the edge of the ocean?

Shiduri. Rama, I deeply admire the symbol of the ideal man you have become in India. I invited you here to learn more about the motivation that causes you to act ideally in all situations. Take a drink every time I ask a question and enlighten me.
[Hands Rama a beer.]

Rama. [Takes a drink.] My motivation is dharma, with mine specifically being to “destroy Ravana, the chief of the asuras, abolish fear from the hearts of men and gods, and establish peace, gentleness, and justice in the world” (Narayan 67).

Shiduri. [Aside.] Clearly, I already knew Rama was motivated by dharma. But, I am going to keep finding areas in which to ask him questions.

[To Rama.] Wait, what exactly is dharma?

Rama. [Takes drink.] Well, dharma, or duty, regulates human behavior. Every individual has a duty based on their place in society. Also, given that India greatly values family, everyone has a duty to respect the orders of parents and remain devoted to the family. When one follows their dharma correctly, they move unto their next reincarnation. The ultimate goal of following dharma is to achieve release (moksha) from reincarnations into the Great World Soul (Duiker and Spielvogel 44).

Shiduri. [Aside.] Rama is quite mistaken about the afterlife, as I suspected. Reincarnation simply does not exist because humans do not have immortality. Instead, humans are sent to the underworld after their death, where dust lines the door and they never retur




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