DISCUSSION QUESTION 2 – DQ 2 1In this Discussion, you will share your experience with Argument Analysis Assignment 1 last week. In your original post you should:Tell which of the arguments you chose to analyze.Tell why you chose that argument over the other one.Tell what you found to be the most difficult part of the assignment and why.Tell what you found to be the most rewarding part of the assignment and why. (Yes, you have to pick something! 😉 )In your reply posts you should do two things:Find at least one “difficult part” that you can respond positively to — i.e., give advice or tell what worked for you.Find at least one “rewarding part” that is related to the “difficult part” you listed in your original post. Respond about how the post has helped you in thinking about these assignments.Running Head: Argument Analysis
Running Head: Argument Analysis
Argument Analysis – argument one
Section 1: The claim
The claim the argument is making:
Answer: Marijuana should be legalized.
Why the statement is claim rather than any other statement in the argument
Answer: this is because, in the argument, it is claimed that marijuana is simply addictive just like
any other thing that gives pleasure. In other words, addictiveness of a substance depends on its
usage. For this reason, marijuana should be legalized.
Identifying the claim as claim of fact, value or policy
Answer: it is a claim of fact since it argues that, basing on the facts given, marijuana
should be legalized.
The statements to be offering a rebuttal:
Answer: “no substance will be safe for everybody”, it is used to imply that even
marijuana is unsafe to use like any other substance.
Section 2: the evidence
Statements provided the evidence of the claim
Answer: anything that gives pleasure is addictive. No substance that is safe for
everybody. Marijuana overdose is not sole cause of death.
Statement backing the evidence:
Running Head: Argument Analysis
Answer: the amount of cannabis that is required to kill an individual is more than
40,000 times the dosage for intoxication. By using and applying this statement, the
author wanted to show that marijuana would not be such harmful since it is unlikely
that a person can consume such a great proportion of it.
Section 3: the warrant
The statement expressing warrant:
Answer: there is no factual evidence in record to suggest, “Marijuana overdose has been
sole reported cause of death”.
Section 4: Evaluation
Whether the argument offers a strong case for its claim
Answer: yes, the argument offers a strong case to back its claim that marijuana
should be legalized. The author provides cogent evidence to prove that marijuana
should be legalized since just like any other substance or thing, it is safe and
unsafe depending on its usage. The author compares the marijuana with alcohol
and lead a suggestion that alcohol is even dangerous than marijuana since it kills
four times in its legal limit. Nonetheless, it is legalized. The author also suggests
that no death has ever been caused by marijuana overdose. This imply that it
would not cause any harm if marijuana were legalized and people resulted to
taking excessive amount of it.
BA 203: ARGUMENT ANALYSIS ASSIGNMENT 1
Read the two short arguments on page two of this document. Select one of the arguments to use in
completing the following assignment. You should select the argument for which you feel more confident
in identifying the claim, evidence, and warrant that argument presents.
NOTE 1: I realize that you have just been introduced to the Toulmin Method and you have virtually no
experience working with it. You will not be graded harshly for this assignment. Your grade will be based
primarily on the extent to which your essay shows a good acquaintance with the method and a serious
attempt to offer an accurate analysis of the argument you choose.
NOTE 2: Not every statement in an argument has to function as some part of the argument (claim,
evidence, etc.). A statement may offer background information or an opinion, or it may just be irrelevant
and out of place. Don’t feel like you have to force every statement into playing some function.
For this week’s assignment you must submit a written report that addresses the following issues:
Section 1: The Claim
o Identify what you take to be the claim that the argument is making.
o Write a one-two paragraph explanation of why you understand this statement to be the
claim rather than any other statement in the argument.
o Identify this claim as a claim of fact, value, or policy. Explain your choice.
o If applicable, identify any statements you see to be offering a rebuttal of the claim
Section 2: The Evidence
o Identify the statement or statements you take to be the evidence the argument is offering
in support of the claim.
o If applicable, identify any statements you see to be backing for the evidence you have
identified. Explain how the backing supports the evidence and explain why you think the
author thought it necessary to provide the backing.
o NOTE: Don’t make the mistake of thinking every statement constitutes a different or
distinct piece of evidence. There may be two or more statements that work together to
make one evidential point.
Section 3: The Warrant
o If applicable, identify the statement or statements you take to be expressing warrant
connecting some or all of the evidence to the claim.
o If no statements express the warrant, explain what you take to be the warrant for this
argument. Two things to keep in mind here:
You may need to express the warrant in two or more steps, rather than just a
If you have more than one type of evidence, you may have more than one
warrant. Be sure to state clearly which evidence you understand the warrant to be
connecting to the claim.
Continued on next page
Section 4: Evaluation
o Explain whether or not you think this argument offers a strong case for its claim.
o If you do, explain what you think the argument does right. If you don’t, explain what you
think the argument does wrong.
o NOTE: To say the argument is strong does not mean you find it convincing. You may
disagree with the claim but still think the argument makes a good case. So even if you
disagree with the claim, try to remain impartial and make a fair judgment about the merit
of the argument.
REMEMBER: Argument analysis assignments are formal writing assignments. Be sure to follow the
instructions for formal writing assignments in the syllabus (also available on the Canvas site).
ARGUMENTS FOR ARGUMENT ANALYSIS ASSIGNMENT 1
Even though the properties of marijuana have been shown not to be physically addictive, one can become
psychologically addicted. However, this is true of just about anything that can give one pleasure, such as
chocolate, gambling, or shopping. No substance will be safe for everybody, under all circumstances, or
when used in excessive amounts. For example, over-the-counter medications can be deadly for those who
are allergic or who overdose. On the other hand, marijuana overdose has never been a sole reported cause
of death: the amount of cannabis required to kill a person is more than 40,000 times the necessary dosage
for intoxication, making it highly unlikely that people would be able to achieve such a concentrated
amount in their bloodstreams. This is a severe contrast to alcohol, where one can very easily kill oneself
with only four times the legal limit. There just doesn’t seem to be any reason to keep marijuana illegal.
While human cloning might not offer great benefits to humanity, no one has yet made a persuasive case
that it would do any real harm, either. Theologians contend that to clone a human would violate human
dignity. That would surely be true if a cloned individual were treated as a lesser being, with fewer rights
or lower stature. But why suppose that cloned persons wouldn’t share the same rights and dignity as the
rest of us? A leading lawyer-ethicist has suggested that cloning would violate the “right to genetic
identity.” Where did he come up with such a right? It makes perfect sense to say that adult persons have a
right not to be cloned without their voluntary, informed consent. But if such consent is given, whose
“right” to genetic identity would be violated? Many of the science-fiction scenarios prompted by the
prospect of human cloning turn out, upon reflection, to be absurdly improbable. There’s the fear, for
instance, that parents might clone a child to have “spare parts” in case the original child needs an organ
transplant. But parents of identical twins don’t view one child as an organ farm for the other. Why should
cloned children’s parents be any different?
NOTE: This argument contains several rhetorical questions. These questions are an indirect way of
making a statement. In your assignment, you’ll need to convert those questions into the statements they
are implying. E.g., a rhetorical question asking, “What possible explanation could she have for what she
did?” is actually making the statement “There is no possible explanation for what she did.
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