euthanasiaEuthanasia & Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS)
· Medical / Generic definition
· Bioethical definition.
2. Describe pain and suffering within context of faith
3. Physician Assisted Suicide / Death ( PAS / PAD)
· Is it ethical?
· Should we have the right to end our lives? Why yes or why not?
4. Better alternatives to PAS; compare and contrast each:
· Palliative care / Terminal sedation
5. Case studies. Brief summary of:
· Hemlock Society
· Jacob Kevorkian
· Britanny Maynard
6. Read and summarize ERD paragraphs #: 59, 60, 61.
· The paper is to be clear and concise and students will lose points for improper grammar, punctuation, and misspelling.
· If references are used, please cite properly according to the current APA style. Refer to your syllabus for further detail or contact your instructor.
· Ethical and Religious Directives (ERD inside the pdf) for Catholic Health Care Services (6th ed.). (2018).
Paragraphs: 59, 60, 61
· PHI 3633 WK 8.pdf
· Cioffi, A. (2019, March 30). BIO 603 EUTH PAS 3 30 19 [Video file]. Retrieved from
· BIO 603 EUTH PAS 3 30 19
· (Links to an external site.)
Physician Assisted Suicide / Death (PAS, PAD)
Killing vs allowing to die
EUTHANASIA: ORIGINALLY; EU – THANATOS (Gk) “TRUE, GOOD – DEATH”
• HISTORICALLY: ACTIVE / PASSIVE EUTHANASIA
• TODAY: “CAUSING DEATH SO AS TO ALLEVIATE SUFFERING” (ERD 60, 61)
Medical definitions of active and passive euthanasia
The practice of intentionally ending a life in order
to relieve pain and suffering (MedicineNet)
The act or practice of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or
injured individuals (such as persons or domestic animals) in a relatively
painless way for reasons of mercy (Merriam-Webster Dictionary)
Medical Dictionary (online)
deliberate ending of life of a person suffering from an incurable disease
Today: include withholding extraordinary means or “heroic measures,”
and thus allowing the patient to die
positive or active euthanasia
(deliberate ending of life and an action is taken to cause death in a person)
negative or passive euthanasia
(withholding of life-preserving procedures and treatments that would prolong the life
of one who is incurably and terminally ill and could not survive without them)
Today all euthanasia is generally understood to be active;
forgoing life-sustaining treatment is replacing passive euthanasia.
BIOETHICAL DEFINITION OF EUTHANASIA (ERD 60, 61)
60. Euthanasia is an action or omission that of itself or by intention causes death
in order to alleviate suffering. Catholic health care institutions may never
condone or participate in euthanasia or assisted suicide in any way. Dying
patients who request euthanasia should receive loving care, psychological and
spiritual support, and appropriate remedies for pain and other symptoms so that
they can live with dignity until the time of natural death.
61. Patients should be kept as free of pain as possible so that they may die
comfortably and with dignity, and in the place where they wish to die. Since a
person has the right to prepare for his or her death while fully conscious, he or
she should not be deprived of consciousness without a compelling reason.
Medicines capable of alleviating or suppressing pain may be given to a dying
person, even if this therapy may indirectly shorten the person’s life so long as
the intent is not to hasten death. Patients experiencing suffering that cannot be
alleviated should be helped to appreciate the Christian understanding of
PAIN / SUFFERING; W/IN CONTEXT OF FAITH -> REDEMPTIVE VALUE
DECLARATION ON EUTHANASIA (1980):
Euthanasia vs physician-assisted suicide / death (PAS, PAD)
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